The Foundation was formed in 1996 by Ann A. Kiessling,
PhD, in response to a controversial clinical research need that
was best undertaken by an independent public charity.
About the Director
Kiessling Director of the Bedford Stem Cell Research Foundation and retired as Associate Professor of Surgery at Harvard
Medical School. She
holds bachelor’s degrees in Nursing and Chemistry, a master’s degree
in Organic Chemistry and a doctorate in Biochemistry/Biophysics from Oregon
State University. (download
Her postdoctoral research explored relationships
between viruses and cancer at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Center, Memorial Sloan-Kettering
Cancer Center, and University of California, San Diego. The work in San Diego
led to the controversial discovery of Reverse Transcriptase in normal human
cells in 1979 (Kiessling & Goulian).
Prior to this discovery, it had been assumed that reverse transcriptase was
an enzyme found only in retroviruses. To understand the normal biologic
role of reverse transcriptase, Dr. Kiessling began to study eggs and early
cleaving embryos. Harvard Medical School recruited Dr. Kiessling in 1985, where
she continues her research today.
Dr. Kiessling has published more than 100 scientific
papers and given more than 60 lectures to audiences around the world. Her writings
can be found in
publications such as Nature, Lancet, Proceedings of the National Academy
of Science and Connecticut Law Review, and she has been the focus of articles
in The Boston Globe and Newsweek. In 2003 (second edition released in 2006), Dr. Kiessling wrote Human
Embryonic Stem Cells: An Introduction to the Science and Therapeutic Potential, the
textbook on the controversial topic.
The Special Program of Assisted Reproduction: The Foundation's First Success
Dual interests in Virology and Reproductive
Biology led Dr. Kiessling to research in semen transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus
(HIV), and the creation of the
first laboratory for Human In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) in Oregon in the early
1980’s. Harvard Medical School recruited Dr. Kiessling in 1985, where
she continues her research today.
In 1996, the need to conduct biomedical research in areas
not funded by the federal government led to the incorporation of the Bedford
Stem Cell Research Foundation (then, The Assisted Reproduction Foundation).
Since then, the Foundation’s Special
Program of Assisted Reproduction (SPAR) has
helped more than 80 couples affected by HIV disease have safe, healthy babies.
Because of this success, more than two-dozen fertility centers throughout the
country have implemented the SPAR program, allowing couples to seek care closer
The techniques developed for SPAR have now been
extended to other diseases of the male genitourinary tract, such as prostatitis
and bladder infections.
Dr. Kiessling is the proud mother of three
daughters and a son.
BS University of Virginia (Nursing)
BS Central Washington University (Chemistry)
MS Central Washington University (Organic Chemistry)
PhD Oregon State University (Biochemistry/Biophysics)
1977-1981 Assistant Professor of Anatomy Oregon Health Sciences University
1981-1985 Associate Professor of Anatomy Oregon Health Sciences University
l983-1985 Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology Oregon Health Sciences
1985-1990 Associate Professor of Obstetrics,Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
Harvard Medical School
1990- Associate Professor of Surgery Harvard Medical School
Bibliography: Original Reports 1. Weber GH, Kiessling AA, Beaudreau GS. DNA polymerase activity associatedwith
strain MC29 tumor virus. J Virol. 1971; 7:214-20.
2. Kiessling AA, Weber GH, Deeney AO, Possehl EA, Beaudreau GS. DNA polymerase
activity associated with a plasma particulate fraction from a patient with CLL.
J Virol. 1971; l7:221-6.
3. Weber GH, Kiessling AA, Beaudreau GS. DNA polymerase activity in homogenates
of cells infected with MC29 virus. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1971; 6:993-9.
4. Kiessling AA, Deeney AO, Beaudreau GS. DNA and RNA from AMV as templates for
viral DNA polymerase. Fed Eur Bio Soc Lett. 1972; 20:57-60.
5. Kiessling AA, Neiman PE. RNA tumor virus DNA polymerase: activity with exogenous
primers. Biochim Biophys Acta 1972; 272:147-55.
6. Kiessling AA, Goulian M. A comparison of the enzymatic responses of the DNA
polymerases from four RNA tumor viruses. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1976; 71:1069-77.
7. Kiessling AA, Goulian M. Detection of reverse transcriptase activity in human
cells. Cancer Res. 1979; 39:2062-9.
8. Kiessling AA, Weitlauf HM. DNA polymerase activity in preimplantation mouse
embryos. J Exp Zool. 1979; 208:347-54.
9. Weitlauf HM, Kiessling AA, Buschman R. Comparison of DNA polymerase activity
and cell division in normal and delayed-implanting mouse embryos. J Exp Zool.
10. Weitlauf HM, Kiessling AA. Comparison of overall rates of RNA synthesis in
implanting and delayed implanting mouse blastocysts in vitro. Dev Biol. 1980;
11. Kiessling AA, Weitlauf HM. Poly(A).oligo(dT)-stimulated DNA polymerase activity
in preimplantation mouse embryos. J Exp Zool. 1981; 215:117-20.
12. Weitlauf HM, Kiessling AA. Activation of 'delayed implanting' mouse embryos
in vitro J. Reprod Fertil. 1981; 29:191-202.
13. Ruta M, Bestwick R, Kiessling AA, Faust C, Linemeyer D, Scolnick E, Kabat
D. Genetic structure of Rauscher spleen focus forming virus. J Virol. 45:1217-22.
14. Kiessling AA. Evidence that reverse transcriptase is a component of murine
epididymal fluid. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1984; 176:175-82.
15. Kiessling, AA, Hughes WH, Blankevoort MR. Superovulation and embryo transfer
in the dairy goat. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1986; 188:829-32.
16. Loutradis D, John D, Kiessling AA. Hypoxanthine causes a 2-cell block in
random bred mouse embryos. Biology Reproduction. 1987; 37:311-316.
17. Goldman DS, Kiessling AA, Millette CF, Cooper GM. Expression of c-mos RNA
in germ cells of male and female mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1987; 84:4509-4513.
18. Kiessling AA, Crowell RC, Connell RS. Sperm-associated retroviruses in the
mouse epididymis. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 1987; 84:8667-8671.
19. John D, Kiessling AA. Improved Pronuclear Mouse embryo development over an
extended pH range in Ham's F-10 Medium without protein. Fertil and Steril. 1988;
20. Patton PE, Burry KA, Wolf DP, Kiessling AA, and Craemer MJ. The use of oral
Contraceptives to regulate oocyte retrieval. Fertil and Steril. 1988; 49:716-718.
21. Han H-D, Kiessling AA. In vivo development of transferred mouse embryos conceived
in vitro in simple and complex media. Fertil. and Steril. 1988; 50:159-163.
22. Montgomery V, Loutradis D, Tulchinski D, Kiessling AA. Follicle stimulating
hormone-induced ovulation in intact and hypophysectionized female mice. J Repro
and Fertil. 1988; 84:1-6.
23. Goldman D, Kiessling AA, Cooper G. Post-transcriptional processing suggests
that cmos functions as a maternal message in mouse eggs. Oncogene 1988; 3:159-163.
24. Trune DR, and Kiessling AA. Decreased protein synthesis in cochlear nucleus
following developmental auditory deprivation. Hearing Research 1988; 35:259-264.
25. Borzy MS, Connell RS, Kiessling AA. Detection of HIV in cell free seminal
fluid. J Acquired Immune Def Synd. 1988; 1:419-424.
26. Jackson KV, and Kiessling AA. Fertilization and cleavage of mouse oocytes
exposed to the conditions of human oocyte retrieval for in vitro fertilization.
Fertil and Steril. 1989; 51:675-681.
27. Kiessling AA, Crowell RC, Fox C. Epididymis is a principal site of retroviral
expression in the mouse. Proc Nat'l Acad Sci. 1989; 86:5109-5113.
28. O'Keefe SJ, Wolfes H, Kiessling AA and Cooper GM. Microinjection of Antisense
c-mos Oligonucleotides Prevents Meiosis II in the Maturing Mouse Egg. Proc Nat'l
Acad Sci. 1989; 86:7038-7042.
29. Fissore R, Jackson KV and Kiessling AA. Mouse Zygote Development in Medium
without Protein in Presence of Ethylendiamintetraacetic Acid. Biol of Repro.
1989; 41:835-841 .
30. Nureddin A, Epsaro E and Kiessling AA. Purines Inhibit the Development of
Mouse Embryos In Vitro. J. Repro. and Fertil. 1990; 90: 455-464.
31. Mehta T and Kiessling, AA. Developmental Potential of Mouse Embryos conceived
in vitro and Cultured in Ethylenediaminetetraacetic Acid with or without Amino
Acids or Serum. Biol. of Reproduction 1990; 43:600-606.
32. O'Keefe SA, Kiessling AA , and Cooper GM. The cmos gene product is required
for cyclin b accumulation during meiosis of mouse egg. Proc. Nat'l Acad. Sci..
33. Pal, SA, SS Zinkel, AA Kiessling and GM Cooper. c-mos Expression in Mouse
Oocytes is Controlled by Initiator-Related Sequences Immediately Downstream of
the Transcription Initiation Site. 1991. Molec. and Cell. Biol. 11: 5190-5196.
34. Lawitts JA, Butler JE, Kiessling AA and Biggers JD. Growth and DNA Replication
in Rabbit Blastocysts. Molec. Reproduction and Dev. 1991; 30:320-329.
35. Kiessling AA, Davis HW, Williams CS, Sauter RW, Harrison LW. Development
and DNA Polymerase Activities in Cultured Preimplantation Mouse Embryos: Comparison
with Embryos Developed In Vivo. J Exper Zool. 1991;258:34-47.
36. Fissore R, O'Keefe S, Kiessling AA. The Purine-Induced Block to Mouse Embryo
Cleavage is Reversed by Compounds that Elevate Cyclic-Adenosine Monophosphate.
Biol. Reprod. 1992;47:1105-1112.
37. Loutradis D, Kallianidis K, Drakakis P, Michalas S, Milingos S, Bletsa R,
Aravantinos L, Creatsas G, Kiessling AA. Successful pregnancy in human IVF using
BSA as a protein source in the transfer medium. 1992. ARTA 3: 233-238.
38. Pal SK, Crowell RC, Kiessling AA, Cooper GM. Expression of proto-oncogenes
in mouse eggs and preimplantation embryos. Mol Reprod Dev. 1993;35:8-15.
39. Kiessling AA, Crowell RC, Brettler D, Forsberg A, Wolf B. HIV detection and
differential leukocyte counts are accurate and safer with formaldehyde-fixed
blood. Blood 1993;81:864-865.
40. Kiessling AA, Yin HZ, Purohit A, Kowal M, Wolf B. Formaldehyde-fixed semen
is suitable and safer for leukocyte detection and DNA amplification. Fertil Steril.
41. Fitzgerald LM, Yin H, Kiessling AA. PCR amplification of HIV and cellular
DNA sequences in formaldehyde-fixed, immunoreactive peripheral white blood cells.
42. Mehta TS, Kiessling AA. The developmental potential of mouse embryos conceived
in Ham's F-10 medium containing ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. Fertil Steril.
43. Loutradis D, Kiessling AA, Kallianidis K, Siskos K, Creatsas G, Michalas
S, Aravantinos D. A preliminary trial of human zygote culture in Ham's F-10 without
hypoxanthine. J Assist Reprod Genet. 1993;10:271-275.
44. Pal SK, Torry D, Serta R, Crowell RC, Seibel MM, Cooper GM, Kiessling AA.
Expression and potential function of the c-mos protooncogene in human eggs. Fertil
45. Yamauchi N, Kiessling AA, Cooper GM. The Ras/Raf signaling pathway ia required
for progression of mouse embryos through the two cell stage. Molecular and Cellular
Biology 1994; 10: 6655-6662.
46. Loutradis D, Drakakis P, Michalas S, Hatzaki C, Kallianidis K, Aravantinos
D and Kiessling AA. The effect of compounds altering the cAMP level on reversing
the 2-cell block induced by hypoxanthine in mouse embryos in vitro. Euro J Ob
Gyn Reprod Biol. 1995; 82: 167-175.
47. Seibel MM, Kearnan M, Kiessling AA. Parameters predicting success for natural
cycle IVF. Fertil Steril. 1995; 63: 1251-4.
48. Kiessling AA, Lamparelli N, Yin H-Z, Seibel MM, Eyre RC. Semen leukocytes:
Friends or Foes? Fertil Steril. 1995; 64: 195-197.
49. Serta RS, Michalopoulos J, Seibel MM and Kiessling AA. Developmental potential
of mouse oocytes matured in serum free culture. Human Reproduction. 1995; 10:
50. Drakakis P, Loutradis D, Milingos S, Michalas S, Kallianidis K, Bletsa R,
Aravantinos D and Kiessling AA. A preliminary study of the effect of growth hormone
on mouse preimplantation embryo development in vitro. Gynecol Obstet Invest 1995;
51. Kiessling AA, Michalopoulos J and Serta R. Immature oocyte development. Human
Reproduction. 1996, 11:2336.
52. Pierce, K, Kiessling AA, Fitzgerald LM, Silberstein M, Seibel, M. An improved
method of preimplantation embryo biopsy" Human Reproduction. 1997, 13:1889.
53. Byrn RA, Zhang D, Eyre R, McGowan K, Kiessling AA. HIV-1 in semen: an isolated
virus reservoir. The Lancet. 1997; 350: 1141.
54. Kiessling AA, Zhang D, Chhay H, Fitzgerald Ll, Brettler D, Eyre RC, Steinberg
J, McGowan K Byrn RA. Human Immunodeficiency Virus in semen arises from a genetically
distinct virus reservoir. AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses 1998, 14: 33-41.
55. Byrn RA and Kiessling AA. Analysis of HIV in semen: indications of a genetically
distinct virus reservoir. J. of Reproductive Immunology, 1998, 14: 161-176.
56. Kiessling AA. Expression of HIV LTR-coupled genes in early cleaving embryos.
Journal of Reproductive Immunology, 1998, 41: 95-104.
57. Eyre RC, Yin H-Z and Kiessling, AA. Prostate specific antigen is detectable
in formalin-fixed semen. British Journal of Urology. 1999, 83: 622-688.
69. Eyre RC, Zheng G and AA Kiessling. Multiple drug resistance mutations in
human immunodeficiency virus in semen but not blood of a man on antiretroviral
therapy. Urology. 2000, 55: 591-594.
70. Kiessling AA and S Markoulaki. Interaction of gametes with exogenous genes:
possible opportunities for incorporation into embryonic genome. Molecular Reproduction
and Development. 2000, 56: 271-274.
71. Cibelli JB, AA Kiessling, K Cunniff, C Richards, RP Lanza,
MD West. Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer in Humans: Pronuclear and Early Embryonic
Development. J of Regenerative Medicine 2001, 2: 25-31. (view PDF)
72. Okamoto M, R Byrn, RC Eyre, T Mullen, P Church and AA Kiessling.
Seminal plasma induces programmed cell death in cultured peripheral blood mononuclear
cells. AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses 2002, 18: 797-803.
73. Green RM, DeVries KP, Bernstein J, Goodman KW, Kaufmann
R, Kiessling AA, Levin SR, Moss SL, Tauer CA. Overseeing research on therapeutic
cloning: a private ethics board responds to its critics. Hastings Center Report,
2002, 32: 27-33.
74. Mullen T, RL Kiessling, AA Kiessling. Distinct populations
of leukocytes in semen producing organs of the normal, hemicastrated and vasectomized
mouse. AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses 2003, 19: 235-243.
Reviews, Books, Monographs, Computer Animations:
1. Weitlauf HM, Kiessling AA. Activity of RNA and DNA polymerases in delayed
implanting mouse embryos. In: Glasser SR, Bullock DW, eds. Cellular and molecular
aspects of implantation. New York: Plenum Publishing Co., 1981:125-36.
2. Kiessling AA, Blankevoort M. Effect of low temperature storage on the viability
of transferred goat embryos. Dairy Goat J. 1981; 59:58-60.
3. Kiessling AA, Blankevoort M. Embryo transplants. Dairy Goat J. 1983; 61:96-8.
4. Blankevoort M, Kiessling AA, Skinner N. Success of direct and delayed transfer
of goat embryos. Dairy Goat J. 1983; 61:1019-21.
6. Cooper GM, Goldman DS, Kiessling AA, and Millette CF. The Expression of Oncogenes
in Germ Cells. In: Haseltine F, ed. Meiotic Inhibition: Molecular Control of
Meiosis. New York: Alan R. Liss, Inc. 1988:275-289.
7. Kiessling AA, Loutradis D, McShane PM, and Jackson KV. Fertilization in Tryspin-treated
oocytes. In: In Vitro Fertilization and other Assisted Reproduction, Annals of
The New York Academy of Sciences. 1988; 541:614-620.
8. Kiessling AA, and Cooper GM. The Expression of Oncogenes in Mammalian Embryogenesis.
In: Rosenblum IY, and Heyner S. Chapter in Regulation of Growth and Development,
CRC Press. 1989.
9. Kiessling AA. Retroviruses and Reproduction. Fertil and Steril. 1989. 51:756-758.
10. Anderson SC, Cooper GM and Kiessling AA. Meiosis in Motion. 1991. VHS format
exhibited at the World Congress of Assisted Reproduction, Paris, France, 1991
and at the Cell Biology Meeting, Boston, MA, 1991.
11. Kiessling AA. The Role of Assisted Reproductive Technologies in Yielding
HIV-Free Offspring of HIV-Infected Parents. In: Mellica F, ed. AIDS and Human
Reproduction, S. Karger AG, Basel Switzerland. 1992:139-144.
12. Kiessling AA. Semen transmission of human immunodeficiency virus. Letter,
Fertil Steril. 1992;58:667-669.
13. Kiessling AA. HIV in semen. Letter, JAMA. 1992;268:2651.
14. Kiessling AA. Detection of human immunodeficiency virus in blood or semen
by polymerase `chain reaction. Reply, Fertil Steril. 1993;59:1143-1144.
15. Seibel MM, Kiessling AA. Compensating egg donors: equal pay for equal time?
Letter, New Engl J Med. 1993;328:737.
17. Seibel MM, Kiessling AA, Bernstein J, Levin S (Eds), Technological Advances
in Infertility and Their Psychosocial, Legal and Ethical Implications. 1993.
New York, Springer-Verlag.
18. Kiessling AA. The Expression of Proto-Oncogenes in Mammalian Gametes and
Embryos. In: Seibel MM, Kiessling AA, Bernstein J, Levin S (Eds), Technological
Advances in Infertility and Their Psychosocial Legal and Ethical Implications.
New York, Springer-Verlag. 1993.
19. Kiessling AA. The Role of the Embryo in Prenatal Diagnosis. In: Seibel MM,
Kiessling AA, Bernstein J, Levin S (Eds), Technological Advances in Infertility
and Their Psychosocial Legal and Ethical Implications. New York, Springer-Verlag.
20. Kiessling AA. Human immunodeficiency virus in semen. Current Opinion in Urology.
21. Kiessling RL and Kiessling AA. The Life Cycle of HIV. 1996. Computer animation
created for distribution to primary care physicians in Fiji as part of a "Train
the Trainer" project funded by The World Aids Foundation.
22. Kiessling AA. Should Assisted Reproductive Technology be used to aid HIV
infected men have children? Contemporary OB/Gyn, July, 2000.
23. Kiessling AA, 2001, In the stem-cell debate, new concepts
need new words. Nature 413: 453.
24. Kiessling AA and SC Anderson. 2003. Human Embryonic Stem Cells:
An Introduction to the Science and Therapeutic Potential, Jones and
Bartlett Publishers, Sudbury, MA.
25. Kiessling AA, 2004, Isolation of Human Immunodeficiency
Virus Type I from Semen and Vaginal Fluids in Retrovirus Protocols I, Humana
26. Kiessling AA, S J Eyre and B M Desmarais, 2004, Detection
of Drug-resistant HIV-1 Strains in Retrovirus Protocols I, Humana Press
27. Kiessling AA, What is an Embryo?, Connecticut Law Review,
2004, University of Connecticut School of Law.
Invited Seminars and Lectures
1979 Lecturer on "Reverse Transcriptase Activity in Nonmalignant Cells," Department
of Biochemistry Symposium, Oregon Health Sciences University
1984 Invited Lecturer on "In Vitro Fertilization," Grand Rounds, Department
of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oregon Health Sciences University
1985 Invited Speaker on "Retrovirus Expression in the Reproductive Tract
of Mice," LHRRB Seminar Series, Harvard Medical School
1985 Symposium Director, "Embryo Transfer in Large Animals," Pan American
Congress, Sao Paolo, Brazil, 1985.
1986 Lecturer on "Fertilization and Early Embryo Development," Fertility
and Endocrine Resident Conference
1986 Invited Lecturer on "Retroviruses in the Male Reproductive System," American
Gynecologic Travel Club, Boston
1987-1988 Lecturer on "Fertilization," Reproductive Endocrinology Postgraduate
Course, Harvard Medical School
1988 Invited Lecturer on "Fertilization in the 90's" Grand Rounds,
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, Harvard Medical
1988 Invited Lecturer on "Retrovirus expression in the male reproductive
tract", UCLA Spring Seminar Series, UCLA, Los Angeles, Calif.
1988 Invited Lecturer on "Retrovirus expression in the male reproductive
ract", LHRRB Seminar Series, Boston, Masschusetts
1988 Invited Lecturer, "Normal Sexual Differentiation: Pseudohermaphrodism," IV
European Congress on Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology,
Rhodes Island, Greece
1988 Invited Lecturer, "Regulation of Oocyte Maturation" Satellite
Workshop on In Vitro Fertilization Embryo Transfer and GIFT, Rodos Palace Hotel,
Rhodes Island, Greece.
1989 Invited Lecturer on "Oocyte Maturation" Grand Rounds, Department
of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, Brigham and Women's Hospital
1990 Invited Lecturer, "Reproductive Tract Retroviruses", Department
Seminar Series, Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Tufts Medical School
1990 Course Co-Director, "Technological Advances in Infertility Treatment",
Harvard Medical School, Department of Continuing Education, Cambridge MA
1990 Course Lecture "The Expression of Oncogenes in Mammalian Gametes and
Embryos," Cambridge, MA
1990 Course Lecture "The Role of the Embryo in Prenatal Diagnosis," Cambridge,
1990 Invited Speaker, "The Role of Assisted Reproductive Technologies in
Producing HIV-free offspring from HIV-Infected Parents," and Session chairman,
The First International Symposium on AIDS and Reproduction, Dec., 1990, Genoa,
1990 Invited Lecturer, "Reproductive Tract Retroviruses," AIDS Research
Group Seminar Series, Children's Hospital, Boston, Ma.
1991 Invited Faculty, American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology, October
1991, "What the Obstetrician/Gynecologist should know about AIDS," Quebec
City, Quebec, Canada.
1991 Invited Lecturer, "New Horizons in Human Fertilization," Museum
of Science, "Two of Every Sort," Exhibition, Boston, MA,
1992 Invited Lecturer, "Purine-induced Blockade of Early Cleaving Mouse
Embryos," Spring Lecture Series, Northeastern University, Boston
1992 Invited Lecturer, "Retrovirus Expression in Male Reproductive Tract
Tissues" Division of AIDS, Department of Hematology/oncology, Albany Medical
College, Albany, New York
1993 Invited Lecturer, "New Horizons in Human Fertilization," National
Association of Biology Teachers 1993 National Convention, Boston, MA, Nov., 1993.
1994 Invited Faculty, Assisted Reproductive Technology Forum, "The First
Three Cell Cycles of the Mammalian Embryo," Toyama, Japan
1994 Invited Speaker, "Can an HIV-free pregnancy be achieved?" Department
of Medicine, Grand Rounds, Cambridge Hospital, Cambridge MA, December
1995 Invited Lecturer, "Cell Cycle Controls during Early Human Development",
Mitera Hospital, Athens, Greece March, 1995
1995 Invited Lecturer, "The First Three Cell Cycles of the Mammalian Embryo," Centre
for Reproduction and Early Human Development, Monash University, Melbourne Australia,
1995 Invited Lecturer, "The First Three Cell Cycles of the Mammalian Embryo," Department
of Veterinary Science, University of Massachusetts, Amherst MA, May, 1995
1995 Invited Lecturer, "Cell Cycle Controls during Early Human Development," Department
of Obstetrics and Gynecology, New England Medical Center, Boston, MA, September,
1996 Invited Faculty, National Institutes of Health Workshop on Semen Transmission
of HIV, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD, February, 1996
1996 Director, World Aids Foundation Workshop to Train Health Care Professionals,
Lectures: "HIV Disease and the Immune System" and "Maternal-Fetal
Transmission of HIV Infection."
1997 Invited Faculty, Hellenic National Congress of Obstetrics and Gynecology,
Crete, May, 1997 "AIDS and Reproduction"
1997 Invited Faculty, Sienna Symposium, HIV and Gametes, Sienna, Italy, October,
1997 Lecture: "HIV LTR Driven Gene Expression in Mouse and Human Fertilized
1998 Invited Speaker, University of San Francisco, "Semen Transmission of
1999 Invited Speaker, Tufts School of Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, "Semen:
an isolated reservoir of HIV infection"
1999 Invited Speaker, Northwestern University School of Medicine, "Semen:
an isolated reservoir of HIV infection"
2000 Invited Speaker, National Institutes of Health, Laboratory of Dr. Tony Fauci, "HIV
infection in the male genital tract"
2000 Invited Speaker, 2000 TALA National Meeting, "Reproductive
Challenges and Options for Couples Living with HIV Disease" Boca Raton,
2000 Invited Speaker, Department of Biology, Boston University, "Biology
Immunodeficiency Virus and Risks of Sexual Transmission"
2000 Invited Speaker, Brandeis University, Department of Biology, "Reproductive
concerns and sexually transmitted diseases."
2001 Invited Speaker, New England Medical Center, Division of Reproductive Endocrinology, "Reproductive
Options for Couples Living with HIV Disease"
2001 Invited Speaker, Brandeis University, Department of Biology, "Reproductive
concerns and sexually transmitted diseases."
2002 Keynote Address, Fourth International Conference on Biotechnology, Shanghai,
China, "Human Embryonic Stem Cells: The Present and the Future"
2002 Invited Speaker, Brandeis University, Department of Biology, "Reproductive
concerns and sexually transmitted diseases."
2002 Symposium Organizer: "The Activated Egg", Henderson House, Weston,
MA, sponsored by the Bedford Research Foundation
2003 Invited Dinner Speaker, Womens Health Society, Winston-Salem, NC,"
2003 Invited Speaker, Brandeis University, Department of Biology,
"Reproductive concerns and sexually transmitted diseases."
2003 Keynote Speaker, Endocrinology-Reproductive Physiology
Annual Research Synposium, October 17, 2003, "Stem Cells and Gametes, the Cycle
2003 Invited Speaker, Physicians with Parkinson's, Dana Farber
Cancer Institute, "Stem Cells: The Present and the Future"
2003 Invited Speaker, Activated Egg Symposium, November 14,
"Reverse Transcriptase Activity and Early Embryo Development: An Old Theory
with New Evidence"
2003 Invited Grand Rounds, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology,
University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC "Stem Cells: The Present and the
2003 Invited Speaker, Division of Infectious Disease, "Overview
of HIV in Semen"
2004 Invited Grand Rounds, Joint Surgical Grand Rounds, University
of Massachusetts Memorial Hospital and St. Vincent Hospital, February, 2004,
"Stem Cells and the Surgeon"
Bedford Stem Cell
Research Foundation Headquarters
PO Box 1028
Bedford, MA 01730
260 Elm Street, Suite 106
Somerville, MA 02144